茄萣濕地昆蟲系 琉球紫蛺蝶Qieding Wetland Insect System
中文名 琉球紫蛺蝶 英文名 Common Eggfly, Great Eggfly, Varied Eggfly 學名 Hypolimnas bolina kezia 別名：幻紫斑蛺蝶、幻蛺蝶 蛺蝶科（Nymphalidae ） 分類： 昆蟲綱、鱗翅目、蛺蝶科、蛺蝶亞科、蛺蝶族；幻蛺蝶屬 棲息地： 台灣地區廣泛分布平地、中海拔山區，以低海拔地區為主。 廣泛分布於衣索比亞界、古北界、東洋界至澳新界，包括非洲，印度、中南半島、中國南部、東南亞至澳洲及西太平洋一帶島嶼。蜜源植物 馬纓丹、繁星花、金露花、澤蘭、馬利筋花蜜及多種菊科野花在溼地則以臭娘子最受他喜愛 中型蛺蝶。軀體黑褐色，腹側散布有白點。前翅翅端圓弧形。後翅近圓形，外緣略鋸齒狀。翅背面底色黑褐色，雄蝶於前翅外側有一藍紫色斜帶，內有白紋，翅端有小白紋，後翅中央有一藍紫色圓斑，內亦有白紋。雌蝶背面斑紋依不同型而異，有具藍紫色光澤、白斑或紅斑者。翅腹面底色褐色，通常沿外緣有白紋，內側有白色點列，前翅外側常有一斜白帶。後翅中央也常有一白帶。緣毛黑白相間。。外型擬態模仿有毒的蝶種幻紫斑蝶，使天敵難以分辨而避免捕食。成蟲全年可見，一年多代。，濕季數量較多。出沒於海拔0-2000米地區的常綠闊葉林、海岸林、鄉郊農地和花園，傾向潮濕、遮蔭和附近地面有訪花性，亦會吸食腐果、樹液。 大多數的蛺蝶科蝴蝶有高度領域行為，雄蝶在有成蝶食物或幼蟲食草附近，會找個視線良好的制高點，守候等待雌蝶出現，遇到同種雄蝶即上前驅趕，琉球紫蛺蝶算是其中領域行為最強烈的蝶種之一，曾經有人看到雄蝶在追逐比它大型的蝴蝶， 蛺蝶科（Nymphalidae ）是蝶類中最大的一科，全世界有3400多種。屬小型至中型的蝶種，少數為大型種。色彩豐富，形態各異，花紋相當複雜。極少數種模擬斑蝶。蛺蝶科成蟲的下唇須特別粗壯；觸角長且端部明顯加粗呈錘狀；複眼裸出或有毛；部分種類的中胸特別粗壯發達；翅形豐富多變，屬間的差別較大。特徵為前足退化，縮在胸下，無作用，又稱四足蝶是因它們只有4條具有機能（或能行走）的腿。其中的許多個物種都有著亮麗的顏色，並包含如帝王蛾、赤蛺蝶、黃褐蛺蝶和豹斑蝶等受歡迎的物種。但其翅膀腹面暗淡，且有些物種看起來會像是枯葉一般，或者更為蒼白，以產生一種可以幫助蝴蝶從環境中消失的避敵效用。 Chines Name：琉球紫蛺蝶 Nymphalidae English Name：Common Eggfly, Great Eggfly, Varied Eggfly Scientific Name：Hypolimnas bolina kezia Aliases: 幻紫斑蛺蝶、幻蛺蝶 Classification Insecta, Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Nymphalidae, Nymphalidae; Phantom Nymphalidae Habitat Taiwan is widely distributed in flat and mid-latitude mountainous areas, mainly in low-altitude areas.It is widely distributed in the Ethiopian, Palaearctic, Eastern, and New Territories, including Africa, India, Indochina, southern China, Southeast Asia to Australia and islands in the Western Pacific. Nectar plants Lantana, Starflower, Golden Dew, Eupatorium, Milkweed nectar, and many kinds of Compositae, In the wetland, the Premna serratifolia is most loved by him. Medium-sized Nymphalid butterfly. The body is dark brown with white spots scattered on the ventral side. The forewing wing ends are rounded. The hind wings are nearly round, and the outer edge is slightly jagged. The underside of the wings is dark brown. The male butterfly has a blue-purple oblique band on the outside of the forewing, with white stripes on the inside, small white stripes on the ends of the wings, and a blue-purple round spot on the center of the hind wings, with white stripes on the inside. The markings on the back of female butterflies vary according to different types, with blue-purple luster, white spots or erythema. The ventral surface of the wings is brown in color, usually with white stripes along the outer edge, white dots on the inner side, and oblique leucorrhea on the outer side of the forewing. There is often a vaginal discharge in the center of the hind wing. Ciliate is black and white. . The appearance mimicry mimics the poisonous butterfly species, the purple phantom butterfly, making it difficult for natural enemies to distinguish and avoid predation. Adults can be seen throughout the year, more than one generation. , There are more wet seasons. Evergreen broad-leaved forests, coastal forests, rural farmland, and gardens that occur in areas with an altitude of 0-2000 meters tend to be moist, shaded, and have a flower-visiting nature on the nearby ground, and will also suck rot and sap. Most Nymphalidae butterflies have high field behavior. The male butterfly will find a commanding height with a good line of sight near the adult butterfly food or larvae feeding on the grass. The purple wing butterfly is one of the butterfly species with the strongest domain behavior. Someone once saw a male butterfly chasing a larger butterfly. Nymphalidae (Nymphalidae) is the largest family of butterflies, with more than 3,400 species in the world. It is a small-to-medium-sized butterfly species, and a few are large-scale species. The colors are rich, the shapes are different, and the patterns are quite complicated. A very small number of species mimic the butterflies. The lower lip and whiskers of the Nymphalidae adults are particularly thick; the antennae are long and the ends are obviously thickened and have a hammer shape; the compound eyes are bare or hairy; the middle breasts of some species are particularly strong and developed; the wings are rich and changeable, and the differences between the genera Big. It is characterized by degeneration of the forefoot, retracted under the chest, and has no effect. It is also called quadrupedal butterfly because they have only 4 functional (or walking) legs. Many of these species have bright colors and include popular species such as monarch moths, red admiral butterflies, yellow-brown admiral butterflies, and leopard butterflies. However, the ventral surface of its wings is dim, and some species will look like dead leaves, or even paler, to produce an evasive effect that can help the butterfly disappear from the environment.
裸花兼蓬(Suaeda nudiflora, 屬於藜科，別名「鹽定」，為多年生宿根性草本植物，多生長於海邊高鹽分的灘地上，伏生地面，分枝叢生，高可達50cm。 學名：Suaeda nudiflora (Willd.) Moq. 藜科Chenopodiaceae 俗名：裸花鹵兼蓬、裸花鹵蓬、香蕉草 葉序：互生 葉形：圓柱狀線形 葉緣：全緣 葉質：肉質、表面蠟質 花序：穗狀花序。 枝梢葉腋萌發，小苞片 3 枚，披針形 花瓣：5 枚，橢圓形 花色：黃綠色花 花期：4~9 月 鹽定有調節鹽分的功能，當土壤鹽度高時，葉子會排出鹽分，轉黃、轉紅，然後掉落，平常葉子一樣是綠色的。 鹽定為了適應海邊惡劣環境，於是在構造上產生各種變化：如葉子加厚或退化成肉質狀，或表面長出茸毛，氣孔變少變小，儲水組織發達，具排鹽、耐鹽的能力，它那如香蕉船的葉圓圓的，又有點向上彎曲，所以又給它另一個外號為香蕉草。 在過往生活困苦、鹽不易取得的時代，做粗活的人必須攝取鹽分才有力氣幹活，野生不必花錢的鹽定就成了貧民鹽分的來源了！ Suaeda nudiflora (Suaeda nudiflora, belonging to Chenopodiaceae, also known as "Salt Ding"," is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows on high-salinity beaches by the sea. It grows on the ground and grows in clusters and can reach a height of 50 cm. Leaf shape: cylindrical linear Leaf margin: whole margin Leaf quality: fleshy, waxy surface Inflorescence: spikes. Leaf axils of branches germinate, 3 bracteoles, lanceolate Petals: 5, oval Design and color: yellow-green flowers Flowering period: April to September "Salt Ding" has the function of regulating salinity. When the soil salinity is high, the leaves will discharge the salt, turn yellow, turn red, and then fall. The leaves are usually green. In order to adapt to the harsh environment of the seaside, "Salt Ding"ding has produced various changes in its structure: such as thickening of the leaves or degrading into fleshy, or growing hairs on the surface, reducing and shrinking stomata, developed water-storing tissues, salt-expelling and salt-tolerant Ability, its leaves are round like banana boats, and a little bit upwards, so it gave it another nickname for banana grass. In the past when life was difficult and salt was not easy to obtain, people who did rough work had to take salt in order to be able to work. Wild salt, which does not have to spend money, has become a source of salt for the poor! It is a fairly common plant species on the banks of aquaculture ponds, and it also has the function of protecting the banks of aquaculture ponds.
茄萣濕地植物系--苦林盤Qieding wetland flora-Glory Bower
茄萣濕地植物系--苦林盤 Qieding wetland flora 學名scientific name：Volkameria inermis 英名English name：Glory Bower 別名：苦藍盤、白花苦林盤 馬鞭草科Verbenaceae 苦林盤是一種常見濱海植物，紅樹林重要的伴生植物，枝葉味苦，為取名苦字的由來，木材輕軟可作火柴桿，民間使用它的根作為草藥。性寒，有小毒，葉片煮後洗腳可除腳臭。 苦林盤屬常綠蔓狀灌木，樹高1~2m，是濱海地區綠化優良樹種，看似蔓性的莖幹常常會低伏在地面或是岩石上，減少海風對它的傷害。可成片種植作為防風固砂用，或列植為綠籬，作為道路景觀。 葉十字對生為橢圓形至卵形，葉片長3~7cm、寬1.5~4.5cm，葉面有線體作為排鹽的功能，這也是它能生長在海邊耐鹽的強項功能。 每年花期為3-9月。花序頂生或腋生，花開呈高腳杯形，純白色的五片花瓣有時帶點淡淡的紅色，在基部合生成長長的圓筒，到頂端後又各自外翻甚至反捲，花心的地方伸出五根長長的雄蕊，花小卻很別緻吸睛。 十月開始結果，核果倒卵形，直徑約1cm，成熟紫黑色。 Glory Bower is a common coastal plant and an important companion plant in mangroves. Its branches and leaves have a bitter taste. For the origin of the name bitterness, the wood is light and soft and can be used as a matchstick, and its roots are used as herbal medicine in the folk. It is cold in nature and has small toxicity. After the leaves are boiled, the feet can be washed to remove foot odor. Glory Bower is an evergreen vine-like shrub with a height of 1~2m. It is an excellent tree species for greening in coastal areas. The seeming vine stems are often low on the ground or on the rocks to reduce the damage to it by the sea breeze. It can be planted in pieces as a windbreak and sand fixation or lined up as a hedgerow as a road landscape.The Leaf cross opposite, shapes are oval to ovate. The leaves are 3~7cm long and 1.5~4.5cm wide. The leaf surface has the line pipe for draining salt, which is also its strong function of being able to grow on the seaside and tolerate salt. The annual flowering period is from March to September. The inflorescence is terminal or axillary, and the flowers bloom in a goblet shape. The five pure white petals sometimes have a little red color. They unite at the base to form a long cylinder, and when they reach the top, they each turn out or even rewind, and the flowers are centered. There are five long stamens protruding from the place, the flowers are small but very unique and eye-catching. Fruits begin in October. The drupe is obovate, about 1cm in diameter, and mature purple-black.
茄萣濕地植物系--文殊蘭Qieding Wetland Plants-Poison Bulb
茄萣濕地植物系--文殊蘭Qieding Wetland Plants-Poison Bulb 學名Crinum asiaticum 英文名Poison Bulb 石蒜科(Amaryllidaceae) 文珠蘭屬(Crinum) 文殊蘭又名文珠蘭 大型多年生球根草本植物，具有皮鱗莖，圓柱形，株高約 1 公尺。 深綠色的葉呈長線形，葉肉厚而多汁， 葉緣波狀，長 50~80 公分，寬 6~12 公分。花頂生 繖形花序，由多數 20~50 朵小花組成；花冠白色，十分清香，花被片合生，花筒纖細，伸長，裂成6片花瓣；蒴果近球形，通常頂端具突出喙；有海綿組織，可漂浮於水面，藉以傳播繁殖。喜歡溫暖有陽光及水份充足的地方，卻也耐風、耐潮，在海岸地區常有零星分布。花朵雖然美麗，但全株有毒。當中以鱗莖毒性最強。因此國家對這種植物有「毒鱗莖」的稱號誤服可引致嘔吐，腹痛，先便秘後劇烈下瀉，呼吸不整，脈搏加快，體溫上升等；大量誤服可引致神經系統麻痺而死亡。 據《全國中草藥匯編》記載文殊蘭性味辛、涼、有小毒。有消腫止痛、降火氣、行血散瘀之效，新鮮的葉和鱗莖，搗碎後敷上患處，對治療軟組織受損、閉合式骨折、關節炎、挫傷或叮咬之紅腫有幫助。台灣原住民排灣族及阿美族，則以文殊蘭治療刀傷、消腫止痛及蛇咬。 南傳佛教視文殊蘭為五樹六花之一，意指為佛經中規定寺廟裡必須種植的五種樹六種花之一。文殊蘭亦作為宗教活動中賧佛的鮮花 A large perennial bulbous herb with a skin bulb, cylindrical shape, and a plant height of about 1 meter. The dark green leaves are long linear, thick and juicy, with wavy leaf margins, 50-80 cm long and 6-12 cm wide. Flower terminal umbel, composed of most 20-50 small flowers; corolla white, very fragrant, tepals connate, slender, elongated flower tube, split into 6 petals; capsule subglobose, usually with protruding beak at the top; sponge The tissues can float on the water surface to spread and multiply. The Species like warm, sunny, and water-rich places, but they are also winding and tide tolerant, and they are often scattered in coastal areas. Although the flowers are beautiful, the whole plant is poisonous. Among them, bulbs are the most toxic. Therefore, the state's mistaking of this plant with the title of "poisonous bulb" can lead to vomiting, abdominal pain, severe diarrhea after constipation, irregular breathing, rapid pulse, and body temperature rise. A large amount of mistaking can cause nervous system paralysis and death. According to the "Compilation of Chinese Herbal Medicine in the Whole Country", the Poison Bulb is pungent in nature, cold in flavor, and slightly poisonous. It has the effect of reducing swelling and pain, reducing fire and qi, promoting blood circulation, and dispersing blood stasis. Fresh leaves and bulbs, crushed and applied to the affected area, are helpful for the treatment of soft tissue damage, closed fractures, arthritis, contusions, or bites. The Paiwan and Ami tribes, aborigines of Taiwan, use Manjushri to treat cuts, swelling and pain, and snake bites. Southern Buddhism regards Poison Bulb as one of the five trees and six flowers, which means that it is one of the five trees and six flowers that must be planted in temples in the Buddhist scriptures. Poison Bulb is also used as the flower of the Buddha in religious activities
花開半邊的草海桐The half-flowered Beach Cabbage
茄萣濕地植物系 Qieding wetland flora 花開半邊的草海桐 The half-flowered Beach Cabbage 草海桐科Goodeniaceae 學名：Scaevola taccada 雖然名字有個「草」，但卻不是草本植物，是常綠型灌木，株高約為 1-2 公尺Although the name has a "grass", it is not a herbaceous plant, it is an evergreen shrub Wood, plant height is about 1-2 meters 草海桐的種小名sericea則是「有光澤的」的意思 The nickname sericea of Beach Cabbage means "glossy" 葉片具有油亮光澤The leaves are shiny and shiny 性喜陽光，又耐旱、耐鹽，典型的濱海植物 Sun-loving, drought-tolerant and salt-tolerant, typical coastal plants 樹型像極了一朵朵的蓮花冠整齊排列 The tree shape is neatly arranged like a blossoming lotus crown 就連結出來的果實都很像一顆顆的蓮子 The connected fruits are all like lotus seeds 果實初期由綠轉白The early fruit turns from green to white 最特別的地方在只開半邊的花形 The most special place is the flower shape with only half of the opening 就像一朵花被從中對切，白色的花瓣鑲著紫色花邊 It's like a flower is cut in half, the white petals are bordered by purple lace 據說是為了方便授粉繁延下一代 It is said to facilitate pollination and prolong the next generation 在濕地每顆植物想要生存都具有獨特的能力 Every plant in the wetland has a unique ability to survive 無論是天天走過的台階 Whether it's the steps that I walked every day 或是道路兩旁Or on both sides of the road 記得好好欣賞上帝的傑作 Remember to appreciate God’s masterpiece
茄萣濕地植物系--黃槿Qieding Wetland flora-Linden Hibiscus
茄萣濕地植物系--黃槿 Qieding Wetland flora-Linden Hibiscus 濕地的風花雪月烟花路 The wetland's love and gaiety - Fireworks Road 黃槿耐風、耐鹽，耐旱的濱海植物 A coastal plant with wind, salt, and drought-tolerant hibiscus 整棵樹心掛滿了綠色的愛心--看著就很討喜，廣東人叫它萬年春 The whole tree's heart is covered with green love-it is very pleasing to look at--Cantonese call it Wannianchun 心形的葉，還可供作蒸煮糕粿的枕葉，蒸出來的粿可散發出特殊的香味 The heart-shaped leaves can be used as a mat for steamed pastries, the steamed pastries can emit a special fragrance 因而有糕仔樹及粿葉樹等別稱 So there are nicknames such as cake tree and pastries leaf tree 只要有一顆黃槿便能成為一座落地花園 As long as there is a Linden hibiscus, it can become a floor-to-ceiling garden
茄萣濕地植物系--臭娘子Qieding wetland flora-Premna serratifolia
茄萣濕地植物系--臭娘子Qieding wetland flora-Premna serratifolia 馬鞭草科(Verbenaceae)臭黃荊屬(Premna) 也叫做「台灣魚臭木」。Also called "Taiwan Fish Smelly Wood". 盆栽界取名-壽娘子Named in the potted world-Longevity Woman 因為，這種樹的葉子被搓揉時會產生濃濃的「魚腥味」,其實這種樹型長得很優雅且花果繁盛,在盆栽植物裡被取名為壽娘子，飽受大眾喜愛.葉子十字對生，上層小下層大,花序生於枝條頂端，呈黃綠色或黃白色，常生成極大的花序，但是花很小,花期3~6月，雖然有種特殊的「腥味」，卻很受昆蟲喜愛, 花開時期招蜂引蝶可是生態界的花魁,核果呈圓球形，結成如翠綠珠花的花序 熟果會由綠轉成籃紫色,在茄萣濕地每個角落都能發現他營造的生態之美. Because the leaves of this tree produce a strong "fishy smell" when they are rubbed. In fact, this kind of tree is very elegant and has prosperous flowers and fruits, It is named Longevity Woman in the potted plants, which is very popular among the public. The leaf cross is opposite, the upper layer is small and the lower layer is large. The inflorescence is born on the top of the branches and is yellow-green or yellow-white. Very large inflorescences are often formed, but the flowers are small. The flowering period is from March to June, although there is a special "fishy smell", it is very popular with insects. Recruiting bees and butterflies during the blooming period is the oiran of the ecology. The stone fruits are round and form inflorescences like emerald green beads. Ripe fruits will turn from green to purple in baskets, The ecological beauty he created can be found in every corner of the Qieding Wetland.